How Strength-based Counseling effects on Self-Compassion and Future Time Perspective in adolescents?
Nasrin Sadat Mirshafiee, Forough Jafari
Introduction: Self-compassion helps adolescents to accept themselves unconditionally and Future Time Perspective (FTP) can make them motivated to do their meaningful tasks in the future. Method: Method was semi experimental method (pre-test –post-test research) with control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of 6,232 male students (14-16 years of age) at the 13th district of Tehran (Iran), the sample size was 30 people who were selected by available sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Two questionnaires include self-compassion of Neff (2003) and FTP of Brothers, Chui\& Diehl (2014) these will be administered three times, a pre-test, a post-test and a follow-up test. Group counseling held in twelve sessions for experimental group for three months, the collected data from pretest, posttest and follow up were analyzed by SPSS software with the help of factorial mixed design with repeated measure. Result: The results show the effectiveness of strength-based group counseling on self-compassion (self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness and over-identification) and FTP (opportunities, limitations and ambiguities) after three months of group counseling. Conclusion: Finding signature strengths (five highest strengths) through analyzing life’s experiences helps students to be aware of what they can do well, to learn how they can make decisions about their future, based on character strengths and to accept their limitations without self-censure.
future time perspective, self- compassion, strength-based group counseling.