Neda Nazarboland, Narges Abedivzadeh, Saeed Ghanbari
Executive dysfunction is common symptom among patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/ or Mathematical Learning disability (MLD). Current research evidences indicate that anxiety can lead to numerous cognitive deficits. Therefore, through comparing executive functioning in children with ADHD/MLD, who have high and low levels of anxiety, the present study examined the probable role of anxiety in intensifying their problems in executive functions, especially verbal and visuospatial working memory. In a retrospective quasi-experimental study, 8-12 years old children, who were diagnosed for ADHD and MLD comorbidity were selected using purposive convenience sampling (n=85). They completed the multidimensional anxiety scale for children. Then, due to their scores on this scale, 20 children with high anxiety (1.5 standard deviations and more above the mean) and 20 children with low anxiety (1.5 standard deviations and more below the mean) were selected and placed in two groups. Then, executive functions assessment tasks, including Tower of London test, Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS), and the Benton’s Visual Retention Test, were carried out. Collected data were analyzed using independent t test. Findings showed that anxiety can be considered as an intensifying factor in executive functioning of children with ADHD and MLD. Therefore, executive functions can be improved by balancing the levels of anxiety and preventing further impairment of executive function in these children.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Executive functions, Mathematical learning disability, Verbal working memory, Visuospatial working memory.
Nasrin Sadat Mirshafiee, Forough Jafari
Introduction: Self-compassion helps adolescents to accept themselves unconditionally and Future Time Perspective (FTP) can make them motivated to do their meaningful tasks in the future.
Method: Method was semi experimental method (pre-test –post-test research) with control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of 6,232 male students (14-16 years of age) at the 13th district of Tehran (Iran), the sample size was 30 people who were selected by available sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Two questionnaires include self-compassion of Neff (2003) and FTP of Brothers, Chui\& Diehl (2014) these will be administered three times, a pre-test, a post-test and a follow-up test. Group counseling held in twelve sessions for experimental group for three months, the collected data from pretest, posttest and follow up were analyzed by SPSS software with the help of factorial mixed design with repeated measure.
Result: The results show the effectiveness of strength-based group counseling on self-compassion (self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness and over-identification) and FTP (opportunities, limitations and ambiguities) after three months of group counseling.
Conclusion: Finding signature strengths (five highest strengths) through analyzing life’s experiences helps students to be aware of what they can do well, to learn how they can make decisions about their future, based on character strengths and to accept their limitations without self-censure.
future time perspective, self- compassion, strength-based group counseling.
A. Javadian, E. Sorouri
In this study, considering the importance of treatment of addiction as an illness, we have analyzed
a model of harvesting of facilities for the rehabilitation and treatment as a new application of game
theory. According to the results of this research, it is possible to avoid a waste of money, energy, and
facilities with better management of allocating facilities and we can treat more addicts.
Game theory; Dynamic systems; Harvest function; Statistical mechanics