Do gender stereotypes give rise to false memories?


1 Shahid Beheshti University

2 Department of Psychology, University of Zanjan, Iran



False memory is normally examined by the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm and it has shown an indirect association with gender stereotypes. In this study, gender effect on the false memory formation along with the influence of emotional words stimuli were examined. 60 subjects (30 female) were recruited and they were exposed to 4 lists of 12 words in a DRM paradigm. Effects of gender stereotypes were examined using 2 lists of gender categorized words. In addition, the emotional effect of the stimuli was also investigated by 2 lists of negatively-valanced or neutral lures (eg. blood or chair). Subsequently, false memory rates in the male and female participants were statistically compared using a mixed ANOVA model. The results showed a significant differential effect of gender on the false memory formation as well as negative and neutral word stimuli.


Volume 2, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
December 2019
Pages 27-38
  • Receive Date: 07 March 2020
  • Revise Date: 06 February 2021
  • Accept Date: 31 December 2020
  • First Publish Date: 31 December 2020